When an operation is performed inside the uterine cavity
Hysteroscopy provides a way for your doctor to look inside your uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin, telescope-like instrument that is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. This tool often helps a doctor diagnose or treat a uterine problem. Hysteroscopy is minor surgery which is performed either in your physician's office without anesthesia or in an Operation Theatre setting. It can be performed with local, regional, or general anesthesia--sometimes no anesthesia is needed.
What happens during the hysteroscopy procedure?
1. The opening of your cervix may need to be dilated or made wider with special instruments.
2. The hysteroscope is inserted through your vagina and cervix, and into your uterus.
3. Next a liquid or gas is usually released through the hysteroscope to expand your uterus so your physician will have a better view of the inside.
4. A light source attached with the hysteroscope allows your physician to see the inside of the uterus and the openings of the fallopian tubes into the uterine cavity.
5. If surgery is required, small instruments are inserted through the hysteroscope.
Hysteroscopy is a fairly safe procedure. Problems that can occur happen in less than 1% of cases, but include:
• Injury to the cervix or uterus
• Heavy bleeding
• Side effects from the anesthesia